The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by Ashoka, of the Maurya Empire. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory until the 13th century CE.

The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River, but they ruled a significantly larger area at the height of their power from the later half of the 9th century till the beginning of the 13th century. The whole country south of the Tungabhadra was united and held as one state for a period of two centuries and more. Under Rajaraja Chola I and his successors Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I the dynasty became a military, economic and cultural power in South Asia and South-East Asia. The power of the new empire was proclaimed to the eastern world by the expedition to the Ganges which Rajendra Chola I undertook and by the naval raids on cities of the maritime empire of Srivijaya, as well as by the repeated embassies to China. The Chola fleet represented the zenith of ancient Indian sea power.

During the period 1010–1200, the Chola territories stretched from the islands of the Maldives in the south to as far north as the banks of the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh. Rajaraja Chola conquered peninsular South India, annexed parts of which is now Sri Lanka and occupied the islands of the Maldives. Rajendra Chola sent a victorious expedition to North India that touched the river Ganges and defeated the Pala ruler of Pataliputra, Mahipala. He also successfully invaded cities of Srivijaya of Malaysia and Indonesia. The Chola dynasty went into decline at the beginning of the 13th century with the rise of the Pandyan Dynasty, which ultimately caused their downfall.

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The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of what is today southern India. They gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahana dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.

Pallavas became a major power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571 – 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 – 668 CE) and dominated the Telugu and northern parts of the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of the 9th century. Throughout their reign they were in constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the north and the Tamil kingdoms of Chola and Pandyas in the south and were finally defeated by the Chola kings in the 9th century CE.

Pallavas are most noted for their patronage of architecture, the finest example being the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mahabalipuram. The Pallavas, who left behind magnificent sculptures and temples, established the foundations of medieval South Indian architecture. They developed the Pallava script from which Grantha ultimately descended. The Pallava script gave rise to several other southeast Asian scripts. Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang visited Kanchipuram during Pallava rule and extolled their benign rule.

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The Pandyan or Pandiyan or Pandian dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera. The Pandya King, along with Chera King and Chola King, were referred to as the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam.

The dynasty ruled parts of South India from around 600 BCE (Early Pandyan Kingdom)[3] to first half of 17th century CE. They initially ruled their country Pandya Nadu from Korkai, a seaport on the southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula, and in later times moved to Madurai. Fish being their flag, Pandyas were experts in water management, agriculture(mostly near river banks) and fisheries and they were eminent sailors and sea traders too. Pandyan was well known since ancient times, with contacts, even diplomatic, reaching the Roman Empire. The Pandyan empire was home to temples including Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, and Nellaiappar Temple built on the bank of the river Thamirabarani in Tirunelveli. The Pandya kings were called either Jatavarman or Maravarman Pandyan. From being Jains in their early ages, they became Shaivaites after some centuries of rule.[4] Strabo states that an Indian king called Pandion sent Augustus Caesar “presents and gifts of honour”.[5] The country of the Pandyas, Pandi Mandala, was described as Pandyan Mediterranea in the Periplus and Modura Regia Pandyan by Ptolemy.[6]

The early Pandyan Dynasty of the Sangam Literature faded into obscurity upon the invasion of the Kalabhras. The dynasty revived under Kadungon in the early 6th century, pushed the Kalabhras out of the Tamil country and ruled from Madurai.[7] They again went into decline with the rise of the Cholas in the 9th century and were in constant conflict with them. The Pandyas allied themselves with the Sinhalese and the Cheras in harassing the Chola empire until they found an opportunity for reviving their fortunes during the late 13th century. The Later Pandyas (1216–1345) entered their golden age under Maravman Sundara Pandyan and Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan (c. 1251), who expanded the empire into Telugu country, conquered Kalinga (Orissa) and invaded and conquered Sri Lanka. They also had extensive trade links with the Southeast Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors. The Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the South Indian coast, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world. Traditionally, the legendary Sangams were held in Madurai under their patronage, and some of the Pandya Kings were poets themselves. During their history, the Pandyas were repeatedly in conflict with the Pallavas, Cholas, Hoysalas and finally the Muslim invaders from the Delhi Sultanate.

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Who doesn’t want to experience the diversified spiritual concepts? Explore Tamilnadu, branded as the spiritual focal point considering the spiritual and religious growth of this state in India since ancient times. Tamilnadu is a land where still moral values worth for peoples, it’s a land of distinct cultures, religions, tradition, it’s a land where various religious lives together. Picking on the Historical package to Tamilnadu, you will witness the rich architecture and have an exciting moment of statue that’s smiling for more than thousand years.
 

We offer you a special packages and you can build your own itinerary and share with us. We can take you to any temple of your choice in Tamilnadu. We are specialized in organised tours and group tours.

 

We offer you a free walking tours of any temple of your choice from the listed package on certain conditions. We will not charge you for any tours when you come under any of the following category:

  • Served / Serving for Indian Army
  • Govt school Excursion

Click Read More to know about the list of packages available.

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At WalkWithUs, we also do many activities such as
  • Walking Tours

  • Restoring Historic Temples

  • Temple cleaning

  • Actively sharing history related details on social media

  • Organize free tours for Govt schools

  • Research on Inscriptions

  • Educating people about the rich past

Click “Read More” to know about the activities we have done so far.
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At WalkWithUs, we believe that there are more things to explore in Tamilnadu than the regular attraction. We believe some of the most fascinating things about our cities can be found just off the well beaten track. It doesn’t matter if your are a tourist or a local who has been living in Tamilnadu your entire life, we invite you to join us in looking beyond the regular tourist spots. That’s the one reason why we started our WalkWithUs walking tours.

At WalkWithUs, we consider ourselves city specialists; all of our companions (guides) live locally and are actively involved in various local communities. We strongly believe that our city has something for everyone. We would love to see our city though your eyes.

Our tours grew out of a love for the area in which we live and a desire to share this with others by showing the our city. Our companions (guides) have all been living in the city for a very long time. All of this makes for an unforgettable city experience for both visitors and locals alike.

We offer personalized guide services just for you.

 

This means you get to explore Tamilnadu just the way you would want to. You will have your own personal tour companion (guide). You can decide where the tour starts from, where it should finish and how long it lasts. The major advantage of this option is that the guide can cater specifically for your areas of interest.

Please send us an email to know about the cost and availability

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